Types of Kyo-Machiya Houses
Full Two-Story House ( two main floors)
The ceiling height of the second floor is about the same as that of the first floor. This style was established in the late Meiji（1868-1912) and Taisho periods (1912-1926).
"Tsushi" Two-Story House
The ceiling of the second floor is lower than that of the first floor, and the second floor often features a "mushiko" (insect-cage) window. This style was established in the mid-modern era in the 19th century and was commonly used until the late Meiji era（1868-1912).
A one-story house with the characteristics of a Kyo-Machiya.
A Kyo-Machiya house originally built as a private residence without a store in the front. The opening of the front window (the "dekoshi" latticed bay window) is smaller.
Large Wall Structure
A walled Kyo-Machiya house built as a residence exclusively for a wealthy merchant family. There is a high wall on the street side.
The front side of a Kyo-Machiya is completely altered to make it look like a modern building. It is relatively easy to restore the original appearance.
Major provisions of the Building Standards Act applicable to accommodation facilities under the Hotel Business Law
For those who are planning to open an accommodation facility based on the Ryokan Business Act
In order to operate a lodging facility (hotel, inn, guesthouse, etc.) based on the Ryokan Business Act, the building in which the business is planned to be conducted must meet the structural and equipment standards stipulated in the Ryokan Business Act and the Fire Service Act. The Building Standards Act stipulates the zoning districts in which lodging facilities (including entrance halls outside facilities) can operate. Kyoto city ask that you confirm the zoning of the property before considering it, as follows.
< Regulations Other than Zoning >
When changing the use of an existing building and using it as a lodging facility, even if no building permit is required (e.g., area less than 200m², not involving expansion, renovation, or major repair or redecoration), it is necessary to comply with various provisions of the Building Standards Act. Please refer to the following main provisions of the Building Standards Act for the details of the regulations. In addition, before using the facility as a lodging facility, it is necessary to complete the necessary procedures based on the Barrier Free Ordinance.
Major provisions of the Building Standards Act applicable to accommodation facilities under the Hotel Business Law
- As a general rule, buildings on alley-shaped site* (see explanation below) cannot be changed to inns.
- If the existing building does not conform to the provisions of the Building Standard Act, it is necessary to change the use of the building after the illegal part is removed.
- In principle, the building must be fireproof when changing the use of the third floor or more to an inn. Even if the building is not a fireproof building (limited to 3 stories and less than 200m² in total area), it is necessary to install a pit compartment and alarm system.
*An automatic fire alarm system or an automatic fire alarm system for specified small facilities with a receiver is required. This is not a residential fire alarm system.
**Linen rooms and employee offices are also "ryokan uses".
- If there is fire use, ventilation equipment must be installed.
- Emergency lighting must be installed.
- The site passage (passage from the exit of the building to the road, etc.) must be 1.5m or more (From April 2020, 0.9m or more for buildings with 3 or less floors and a total floor area of less than 200m²).
- The width of alleys, etc. must be at least 1.5m regardless of the size of the building, as in the past, for buildings to be used as accommodation facilities in accordance with the provisions of 9-67 of the Kyoto City Building Law Handbook.
- For rooms without windows, the walls, etc. that separate the rooms must be made of fireproof or noncombustible materials.
* In addition to guest rooms, rest rooms and kitchens are also "rooms".
- In the case of a change of use of a row of buildings (attached houses) to an inn (including a partial change of use), the boundary wall between the row of buildings and the inn shall be a partition wall for fire prevention. It is necessary to use a wall of quasi-fireproof construction and compartmentalize it to the shed or ceiling.
- In addition, depending on the floor area and other factors, it may be necessary to install two or more direct staircases, smoke exhaustion equipment, interior restrictions, etc.
- If the building is to be expanded, remodeled, repaired, or redecorated, it must also comply with road access and structural regulations.
- There are cases where procedures based on the Building Standards Act are required even when only renovations are to be done.
Confirming whether or not a building complies with the Building Standards Act requires specialized knowledge. Even if you do not need to apply for a building permit, , if necessary, please consult with an architect or other professional to ensure that your plans and construction are carried out legally.
The responsibility for using a building in violation of the law lies with the construction client (business) or building owner.
Supplement for those who are planning to open an accommodation facility based on the Ryokan Business Act
For inns with three floors and a total area of less than 200 m².
With the enforcement of the revised Building Standards Act in June 2019, buildings with three floors and a total floor area of less than 200m² can be used as inns, etc., without having to be fireproof buildings, provided that alarm systems and certain compartments are installed.
2 Precautions (*Please be sure to check the following.
In the case of a change of use of 200m² or less (not involving expansion, renovation, or large-scale repair), no application for building certification is required. However, due to the change of use, the provisions of the Building Standards Act will apply, and it will be necessary to comply with various regulations.
Specialized knowledge is required to investigate whether or not these buildings comply with the Building Standards Act. Even if you do not need to apply for a building permit, please be sure to consult with an architect or other specialist before legally carrying out any planning or construction work. The responsibility for using a building in violation of the law lies with the construction client (business) or building owner.
3 Necessary actions
(1) Alarm system
An automatic fire alarm system or an automatic fire alarm system for specified small facilities with a receiver is required. This is not a residential fire alarm system.
(2) Pit compartment
The stairs and other parts of the building must be separated by partition walls and doors.
b. Form of stairs
The staircase must be a "direct staircase" and the stairs from the third floor to the first floor must be connected without interruption. It is not possible to pass through the living room on the way, nor is it possible to have a door.
c. "Partition walls" and "Doors"
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) gives the following examples in their explanation
Partition walls: Partition walls with plasterboard of 9.5 mm or more in thickness on both sides
Door: Flush door (with self-closing mechanism and smoke blocking performance, etc.)
* You cannot use fusuma, shoji, walls made of plywood of about 3 mm thick, or doors made of plain glass.
Examples of non-direct staircases and their responses
Housing Loan for Kyo-Machiya House "Nokosou Kyo-Machiya
The interest rate of the mortgage loan is 1.8% lower than the standard interest rate of the mortgage loan (variable or fixed) for "Nokosou Kyo-Machiya".
The "ECO Preferential Service" cannot be used in conjunction with the "Nokosou Kyo-Machiya" mortgage.
Purpose for Loan Use
Funds for the purchase and renovation of a machiya (traditional Japanese townhouse) in which the applicant will live.
*In principle, the applicant is required to submit the "Kyomachiya Chart" issued by the Kyoto City Center for Landscape and Urban Development (If the applicant has not obtained the "Kyomachiya Chart", the applicant is required to submit the "Kyomachiya Profile").
*We will check the original copy of the "Kyomachiya Chart" and "Kyomachiya Profile" and ask you to submit a copy.
※ 原則、「公益財団法人 京都市景観・まちづくりセンター」が発行する「京町家カルテ」のご提出が必要となります（「京町家カルテ」を取得されていない場合は、「京町家プロフィール」をご提出いただきます）。
Funds for the construction and purchase of a new "Heisei no Kyo-Machiya" (Kyoto machiya) to be lived in by the applicant.
*The original copy of the "Heisei no Kyo-Machiya Certification Notice" will be checked and a copy will be required. (The original copy of the "Heisei no Kyo-Machiya Certification Notice" will be checked and a copy will be submitted.)
Who Can Use This Loan? ご利用いただける方
-Those who live or work in the Bank's business area.
-Between the ages of 25 and 65 at the time of application, and under the age of 80 at the time of final repayment.
-Those who can expect stable income.
-Those who can receive a guarantee from a guarantee company designated by the Bank
-Those who can take out the group credit life insurance specified by the Bank.
-Those who meet the loan criteria specified by the Bank
Loan Summary Description (PDF: 290KB) *in Japanese
Even if you change a part of the room by remodeling, it will improve the usability of the room you usually spend and make your daily life comfortable. However, when performing remodeling, it is important to have a clear purpose, not a rough image of "easy to use" or "comfort". To that end, this time we will introduce what you need to know before remodeling an apartment and examples of room remodeling.
Things to Know when Remodeling an Apartment Room
Difference from Renovation
The word "renovation" is similar to "remodeling". Remodeling means repairing to bring it closer to the state when it was newly built, and is often used in a wide range of construction work. On the other hand, renovation refers to construction work that matches the current lifestyle, with the purpose of adding new added value to what is already there. However, in some cases, the two may be used interchangeably, or remodeling may be termed as a minor repair and renovation as a major repair.
Confirm in Advance whether the Desired Remodeling can be done.
If the house is a structure that supports pillars and pillars in combination, there are many cases where relatively free remodeling such as removal of walls can be performed. However, in the case of a structure in which the walls are combined and supported by the surface, the walls support the house, so there are restrictions on the walls that can be removed. Especially in a condominium, what kind of remodeling can be done depends not only on your own room but also on the structure of the whole condominium. Therefore, before start remodeling, please check whether you can do the construction you want in advance.
Check the rules when remodeling an apartment
Condominiums have management rules, and even if they are proprietary parts, they generally have rules regarding remodeling. Depending on the content, it is required not only to obtain approval from the owner and the management association but also to obtain the consent of the residents on the upper and lower floors before carrying out the works. Please check the terms and conditions of the condominium and comply with the restrictions regarding renovation, reform and remodeling works. It is often the case that apartments can be remodeled only in the private areas such as rooms. Please note that entrance doors and balconies are common areas and cannot be remodeled in principle.
Let's imagine the cost required to remodel the room
When remodeling a room, it is also important to check the management agreement and the construction structure of the condominium, but it is probably the cost part that is worrisome. No matter how much you would like to make a remodel, if you can't afford it, it won't come true. By grasping the rough cost, it will be one of the materials for studying the contents of reform.
Here, we will introduce the market price as a guide, how much it costs to remodel the room.
<Remodeling of living room/room>
200,000 yen to 2 million yen for living room
100,000 yen to 1 million yen for storage
500,000 yen to 1 million yen for Japanese-style room
100,000 yen to 1 million yen for Bedroom
Make your room more comfortable, example of Condominium Remodeling
What kind of remodeling should be done to make the present room more comfortable? Next, we would like to introduce an example of an apartment remodeling.
Expand your space by eliminating rooms and corridors
Many people want a spacious space for places where the family spends a long time, such as the living room. You can expand the room by removing the walls that separate the living room, such as the corridor and living room. In some cases, if there is a room that is not used much, the wall of the room adjacent to that room is removed and the room is expanded by one room.
Change the flooring material to make a Japanese-style room a Western-style
It is a common case that one of the rooms is a Japanese-style room, but there are people who do not use it much when they actually live. If you prefer a Western-style room, you can replace the tatami mat in a Japanese-style room with a wooden floor and arrange it in a Western-style room. If you have the courage to change it, you can use a flooring mat that can be arranged on the flooring just by spreading it.
Replace wallpaper and ceiling cloth
If you want to change the taste of the entire room, try changing the wallpaper or the cloth on the ceiling. The walls and ceilings are large and easy to see, so a slight change in color or pattern can greatly change the impression of a room. Also, when choosing a wallpaper, pay attention to not only the design of the wallpaper but also the function of the color. For example, a light color such as white or beige makes it easy to match with any interior, making it easier to see the entire room, but dark colors create a chic atmosphere, and depending on the arrangement of furniture, it may happen that the entire room may look narrow.
Install underfloor heating
In winter, etc., it is often the case that the floor feels cold, and it may not be possible to warm up with just the air conditioner. If you feel a strong cold, you may consider floor heating. There are two types of floor heating: "hot water type" and "electric type". The hot water type is suitable for a wide range and when it is used for a long time, and the installation cost is higher than the electric type, but running cost is low. On the other hand, the electric type is suitable for narrow spaces such as the feet of the kitchen where the usage time is short. The installation cost is lower than the hot water type, but the running cost tends to be slightly higher. The construction cost will vary depending on the location and range of construction, as well as the type of floor heating, so let's get a quote first and consider it.
Next time, we will explain a little more detailed remodeling of condominiums, detached houses, and renovation of machiya house. Thank you and best regards,
The other day, we received an application to rent a property at renovated Kyo-Machiya, where we manage the building. It is a renovated townhouse that was purchased by the owner last year. The house had been occupied since early fall of last year, but the tenants moved out this spring. Due to the effects of the COVID-19, the property has been vacant since then, but we were able to get an application the other day.
The contractor is an individual who lives in Tokyo, but he is going to start a new business in Kyoto while he keeps his current job. This time we will use 4C'S Co., Ltd. as a guarantor on contract. Today, we would like to introduce this company, which is also our partner company.
Company Name 4c’s Co., Ltd.
Business Real estate guarantor service
〒105-0004 4c's Shimbashi BLDG. 5-13-7, Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo Japan
〒530-0001 Osaka Ekimae Daiichi BLDG 5F. 1-3-1, Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka Japan
Customer Support Center
〒812-0013 4c’s Hakata BLD. 1-9-5 Hakataeki Higashi, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka
TEL ： +81-92-433-3725
FAX ： +81-92-441-3726
Open Hours ： 10 a.m.-5 p.m. (Except New Year holidays)
4C’S GUARANTEE SYSTEM
4c’s guarantee system is the service that 4c’s will pay rent instead of tenants who made contract with 4c’s when they cannot pay their rent. Each country has different rules to rent a room. Today, it is general to use the guarantee system when people lease a room from a real estate agent in Japan. Most of landlords expect tenants to sign up the contract of guarantee system, and it is one of the important conditions to lease a room from real estate agents in Japan. In order to ensure untroubled living conditions for both of landlords and tenants, our guarantee system is necessary. 4c’s understand that it is hard to get used to different cultures and customs, so let us support you when you try to start new life in Japan. The following inset shows you how 4c’s guarantee system is concluded among landlords, tenants and 4c’s.
1. Object of contract
5. About guarantee system and warranty scope
7. About guarantee charge (initial cost) In order to use 4c’s guarantee system, it is necessary to pay guarantee charge. Basically, the charge amount is equal to the monthly rent (minimum charge is 35,000 yen); however, there is a few discount service.
The above are the contents of the guarantor company and the details of payment. When you sign a lease contract in Japan, a guarantor company is required in most cases nowadays.
Therefore, you will need to use one of the above mentioned companies or a similar company, please contact your brokerage for more information.
Arrows International Realty Corp.