What is the "housing fire alarm" that must be installed in all houses?
Due to the revision of the Fire Service Act, installation of a housing fire alarm in new homes is mandatory from June 1, 2006. All existing homes were obliged to install by May 31, 2011, and all homes were obliged to install housing fire alarms. There are several types of fire alarms, and the performance will vary slightly depending on the manufacturer. The fire alarm is for your own protection, so make sure you have the correct knowledge and install it properly. Here, we will explain the fire alarm for homes.
Reasons for installing fire alarms in homes
To begin with, a fire alarm is a device that detects a fire and gives an alarm, or the person who discovers the fire operates it to give an alarm. Housing fire alarms come in both power and battery types, and are typically mounted on the ceiling or the top of a wall.
Currently, it is compulsory to install a housing fire alarms in a house, but there is no penalty for not installing it. However, due to the obligatory installation of fire alarms, the number of fatalities due to fire is decreasing year by year. Protect yourself and your family from a fire by thinking why you have to install a fire alarm, rather than simply thinking, “If we don't have any penalties, we don't have to install it.”
Early detection of fire & prevention of escape delay
By installing a fire alarm, you can expect early detection of fire and prevention of escape delay. According to the announcement by the Fire Department, out of the fires that occurred in 2017, accidental fires accounted for 70.5% of the total, and most of them were caused by carelessness and mishandling in handling fire. Cigarette fires are the most common, followed by arson, stove, and bonfire. Tobacco fires are mainly caused by misfires caused by sleeping cigarettes and cigarettes left unlit. Therefore, if a fire can be detected early and the fire can be extinguished early, the damage can be prevented from spreading.
In addition, the cause of the most fatalities in the fire accident that occurred in 2017 was burns, followed by carbon monoxide poisoning, of which 46.8% of the fatalities were “escape delay”. In each case, if you can detect the fire early and escape, you should be able to reduce the damage as much as possible.
About installation place of fire alarm for house
Regarding the installation location of housing fire alarms, in principle, the bedroom and stairs are mandatory under the Fire Service Act, but other installation locations are specified by the municipal regulations.
For example, in Tokyo, housing fire alarms are required to be installed in all rooms, kitchens, and stairs that are used all the time. Be sure to check with the fire department that has jurisdiction over your area when installing.
About fire alarm types
There are several types of fire alarms, and each has different detection timing and alarm method. After understanding the types of fire alarms, let's install a fire alarm suitable for the location.
Smoke-type fire alarms respond to "smoke" and give an alarm when smoke enters the fire alarm. The alarm sound varies depending on the manufacturer of the fire alarm, but in general, it often sounds an alarm such as "It's a fire! It's a fire!". Please install smoke fire alarms in your room, stairs, or corridor.
Thermal fire alarms respond to "heat" and give an alarm when the sensor reaches a certain temperature. The alarm sound is the same as the smoke fire alarm. Thermal fire alarms are suitable for installation in places where smoke type is not suitable, such as kitchen where steam and smoke are generated on a daily basis. However, the type of fire alarm installed in the kitchen may be stipulated by the municipal regulations. Check with your local fire department in advance as well. If not specified, you can install either the smoke type or the thermal type, but the Fire Department recommended installing the smoke type in the kitchen as well since the smoke type can detect a fire earlier.
An alarm is issued by detecting the infrared rays and ultraviolet rays contained in the flame. If it is a smoke type or a thermal type, an alarm sound will not be emitted unless it reaches a certain amount of smoke or heat amount, but if it is a flame detection type, it has a wide monitoring range and will detect and notify even a slight flame.
Fire/gas leak reaction type
Some fire alarms are available on the market that detect and inform you of gas leaks. Consider installing a fire/gas leak reactive fire alarm in locations where gas may leak, such as in the kitchen.
Auxiliary alarm device
Since the auxiliary alarm device emits light as well as sound to notify you of a fire, you may consider installing it in people with impaired eyes or ears, or in homes with the elderly.
Let's perform regular maintenance and try to detect fires early
Housing fire alarms are not always safe and secure once installed, and any fire alarm requires maintenance.
The fire alarm has a switch and cord for inspection, so check the operating status as appropriate. If the battery is dead, you will hear a different sound than the alarm sound. If you think the battery is dead, please contact the fire alarm retailer or the manufacturer, or replace it with a new one.
Also, if dust or a spider web is attached to the part that senses smoke, it may not operate properly, such as delaying detection. Be careful to perform maintenance once every six months by wiping the dust off the sensing area with a cloth.
Even if you change a part of the room by remodeling, it will improve the usability of the room you usually spend and make your daily life comfortable. However, when performing remodeling, it is important to have a clear purpose, not a rough image of "easy to use" or "comfort". To that end, this time we will introduce what you need to know before remodeling an apartment and examples of room remodeling.
Things to Know when Remodeling an Apartment Room
Difference from Renovation
The word "renovation" is similar to "remodeling". Remodeling means repairing to bring it closer to the state when it was newly built, and is often used in a wide range of construction work. On the other hand, renovation refers to construction work that matches the current lifestyle, with the purpose of adding new added value to what is already there. However, in some cases, the two may be used interchangeably, or remodeling may be termed as a minor repair and renovation as a major repair.
Confirm in Advance whether the Desired Remodeling can be done.
If the house is a structure that supports pillars and pillars in combination, there are many cases where relatively free remodeling such as removal of walls can be performed. However, in the case of a structure in which the walls are combined and supported by the surface, the walls support the house, so there are restrictions on the walls that can be removed. Especially in a condominium, what kind of remodeling can be done depends not only on your own room but also on the structure of the whole condominium. Therefore, before start remodeling, please check whether you can do the construction you want in advance.
Check the rules when remodeling an apartment
Condominiums have management rules, and even if they are proprietary parts, they generally have rules regarding remodeling. Depending on the content, it is required not only to obtain approval from the owner and the management association but also to obtain the consent of the residents on the upper and lower floors before carrying out the works. Please check the terms and conditions of the condominium and comply with the restrictions regarding renovation, reform and remodeling works. It is often the case that apartments can be remodeled only in the private areas such as rooms. Please note that entrance doors and balconies are common areas and cannot be remodeled in principle.
Let's imagine the cost required to remodel the room
When remodeling a room, it is also important to check the management agreement and the construction structure of the condominium, but it is probably the cost part that is worrisome. No matter how much you would like to make a remodel, if you can't afford it, it won't come true. By grasping the rough cost, it will be one of the materials for studying the contents of reform.
Here, we will introduce the market price as a guide, how much it costs to remodel the room.
<Remodeling of living room/room>
200,000 yen to 2 million yen for living room
100,000 yen to 1 million yen for storage
500,000 yen to 1 million yen for Japanese-style room
100,000 yen to 1 million yen for Bedroom
Make your room more comfortable, example of Condominium Remodeling
What kind of remodeling should be done to make the present room more comfortable? Next, we would like to introduce an example of an apartment remodeling.
Expand your space by eliminating rooms and corridors
Many people want a spacious space for places where the family spends a long time, such as the living room. You can expand the room by removing the walls that separate the living room, such as the corridor and living room. In some cases, if there is a room that is not used much, the wall of the room adjacent to that room is removed and the room is expanded by one room.
Change the flooring material to make a Japanese-style room a Western-style
It is a common case that one of the rooms is a Japanese-style room, but there are people who do not use it much when they actually live. If you prefer a Western-style room, you can replace the tatami mat in a Japanese-style room with a wooden floor and arrange it in a Western-style room. If you have the courage to change it, you can use a flooring mat that can be arranged on the flooring just by spreading it.
Replace wallpaper and ceiling cloth
If you want to change the taste of the entire room, try changing the wallpaper or the cloth on the ceiling. The walls and ceilings are large and easy to see, so a slight change in color or pattern can greatly change the impression of a room. Also, when choosing a wallpaper, pay attention to not only the design of the wallpaper but also the function of the color. For example, a light color such as white or beige makes it easy to match with any interior, making it easier to see the entire room, but dark colors create a chic atmosphere, and depending on the arrangement of furniture, it may happen that the entire room may look narrow.
Install underfloor heating
In winter, etc., it is often the case that the floor feels cold, and it may not be possible to warm up with just the air conditioner. If you feel a strong cold, you may consider floor heating. There are two types of floor heating: "hot water type" and "electric type". The hot water type is suitable for a wide range and when it is used for a long time, and the installation cost is higher than the electric type, but running cost is low. On the other hand, the electric type is suitable for narrow spaces such as the feet of the kitchen where the usage time is short. The installation cost is lower than the hot water type, but the running cost tends to be slightly higher. The construction cost will vary depending on the location and range of construction, as well as the type of floor heating, so let's get a quote first and consider it.
Next time, we will explain a little more detailed remodeling of condominiums, detached houses, and renovation of machiya house. Thank you and best regards,
Today, we will talk about the information on the building registration certificate. The first is a copy of the registration certificate of a wooden 2-story building, and the second is an explanation of the registration certificate of a condominium. First of all, it is a case of a two-story wooden detached house.
The content is similar to the land, only the content of the title part is different.
① Location: Location of the building; xxx Town, xxx ward, Kyoto City
② Housing number: #xxx
②-① type of building: residential, apartment, dormitory, store, etc.
②-② structure: structure of building, type of roof (shape of roof) and stories of building
②-③ floor size: floor size of each floor, in ㎡ unit
③ Right Department (Section A) (matters related to ownership): Order of registration, purpose of registration, date of receipt, right holder and other matters. (Reason for registration, owner's address, owner's name)
*If there is an underline, the content has been changed and the registration has been deleted.
As mentioned above, there are many items that are similar to land, and the Section A (matters related to ownership) and Section B (Matters related to rights other than ownership) of the Rights Department have the same contents. Now, let's check the building registration certificate of the apartment, even though it is the registration certificate of the same building.
In the case of a condominium, unlike a detached house, there is an indication of a single building, an indication of an exclusive building, and a further indication of the right of site. Please see below.
④ The house number of the unit (the lot number and the room number of the entire condominium are listed).
⑤ Title section (display of one building)
⑥ Location: Address and lot number of the land where the building is located.
⑦ Name of the building: condominium name
⑧-① structure: structure of building, type of roof (shape of roof) and stories of building
⑧-② floor size: floor size of each floor, in ㎡ unit
⑨ Title section (Display of land, which is the purpose of site right)
⑨-① Land code: Number starting from 1
⑨-② Location and lot number: Land address, lot number
⑨-③ Classification of land category: Type of land (residential land)
⑨-④ Acreage: Size of land
⑩ Title Section (Indication of Building in Exclusive Area)
⑪ House number: town name + house number + room number
⑫ Building name: Room No.
⑬-① Type: Residential, etc.
⑬-② Structure: Structure of the building, number of floors in the exclusive portion (1 floor)
⑬-③Floor area: Number of floors, size of inner room
⑭Title section (display of site right)
⑮-① Land code: Number starting from 1
⑮-② Type of site right: ownership, leasehold right, etc.
⑮-③ Ratio of site right: ○○/○○○ (unit size of proprietary wall core/square meter of entire site)
As mentioned above, the contents of the building registration certificate are also very different between detached houses and condominiums. Generally, land for condominiums has a land right, and if you purchase the exclusive part of the building, you will also get the land right as a set. The reason why the land is set is to prevent the building and the land from being purchased separately, and to reduce the complexity.
If you have any questions, please contact us individually.
Today, we would like to explain the initial investigation when we were asked to sell real estate.
Actually, one owner contacted us today and asked us to sell the detached house. Therefore, we would like to explain what we do as an initial investigation first.
Since it was in the evening when the investigation was begun, we examined the details today within the range which can be investigated on the internet. The first thing we did was to get the land and building registration transcripts. This can be investigated at the legal affairs bureau, but it is also possible to investigate on the internet. Since we are registered as a vendor, we used our login ID and password to search. Land is selected in the order of Kyoto Prefecture, Kyoto City, target ward, town name, and lot number. In the case of a building, the same procedure is used for a building, and in the case of a complete set of information, we will be charged 334 yen per piece of information. The land and building registration transcripts confirms the details of the owner, information about the property and the rights to the property. We then check to see if there are official maps and acreage survey maps of the land. Public maps can be found basically anywhere, but the acreage survey maps are not registered unless they have been surveyed. If there is no information available on the target land, we check the land adjoining the land on the public map in order to see if a survey map on the next land is available. In the case of a building, we also check if the building plan is registered.
The next step is to investigate the type of street access. This can be investigated on the website operated by Kyoto City. This time, we found out that the type of road is Article 42, Paragraph 1, Item 5 of the Law. It is a road that can be rebuilt. Since we didn't have the acreage survey map, we will visit Kyoto City Hall to get information of street width and frontage, as well as a field survey. By the way, since city hall can only be visited during limited hours on weekdays, it is carried over to the following week.
Next, we needed to investigate the zoning of the place where the subject property is located. This is also available on the website operated by Kyoto City. The site has become more and more convenient over the years, and we can check the zoning, building-to-land ratio, floor area ratio, and minimum site area for buildings. It is now possible to look up information on height district, landscape preservation, distant landscape, etc at ont place. The information on outdoor advertising, fire protection zones, built-up urban areas, housing construction control zones, and ruins maps are available on separated sites. Once the above investigation has been completed, the next step is disaster prevention.
For disaster prevention, Kyoto Prefecture has a website dedicated to this topic. We can also check the flood, earthquake, and sediment disaster warning zones. If you would like to find out information about your location, please check the following sites
Multi-Hazard Information Providing System
The above is the main content of the information that can be investigated on the Internet.
In addition, similar to the public maps, but property tax lot reference maps and building agreements can also be researched online. In fact, the above information will be used to survey the Legal Affairs Bureau, City Hall, Waterworks Bureau and the site. It is also possible to obtain information on the buried pipe status of the water supply system and the buried gas pipes via the internet.
In addition, the above is only data information, and we will proceed with the survey including confirmation of boundaries, confirmation of crossing borders, building conditions, etc. This is a job for new buyers to understand the situation, to feel secure, to be satisfied, and to purchase real estate. If you have any questions, please contact us individually.
The costs associated with owning a property include taxes, repair costs, and administrative costs.
Some costs are one-time costs, some are incurred monthly, and some are ongoing in the future.
Let's start with taxes. There are three types of taxes: real estate acquisition tax, which occurs when you own real estate; real estate property tax, which occurs when you continue to own real estate; real estate transfer tax, which occurs when you transfer ownership of real estate; or real estate inheritance tax, which occurs when you inherit real estate by inheritance.
The tax calculation is based on the assessed value listed on the property's public tax certificate.
The real estate acquisition tax is a tax that only occurs once when the property is acquired. The real estate property tax is payable on January 1 of each year by the person or corporation holding the ownership of the property. When selling real estate, because a tax will be generated against the profit on the transfer of real estate, it will be necessary to grasp the acquisition cost, etc.
The inheritance tax on real estate is getting tougher with each year's revisions, so we need to check the law when the inheritance occurs. The basic interpretation is that when calculating the inheritance tax for undivided heritage, the heirs and inheritance are based on the country of origin of the heir. In addition, when calculating the total amount of inheritance tax, the heirs and inheritance share are based on Japanese law. It is best to check with your tax accountant for details, as it may or may not be related to whether you have lived in Japan.
Next, regarding the repair costs, it will be the condominium that will be paid a fixed amount.
There is a management union to which each owner belongs in the condominium, and through the union, repair expenses for future repairs of the building are funded. If the building age is short, the repair costs will be low, and the repair costs will rise as the building age passes.
Of course, even detached houses will be repaired in the future, so repair costs will be incurred when repairing.
Finally, there is the cost of management, but here we will discuss two types of management costs.
The first one is the management fee that is paid to the company that manages the whole common part of the condominium when you own the condominium. The management company entrusted by the management association will maintain the entire building and carry out daily cleaning and other activities. Unlike the cost of repairs, they do not increase from year to year, but if the cost of management increases, there is a possibility of a rate increase.
There are other management costs, for example, if we, Arrows International Realty Corp. manage the building, if the owner uses the building as a holiday home, we may be commissioned to pay a monthly fee. We can handle monthly utility bills and annual property tax payments, whether it's a patrol check of your building or an inquiry from a neighboring resident. If we provide such a service, we will receive a building maintenance fee from the owner.
The above are the maintenance costs if you own the property.
If you would like an individual consultation, please contact us via the website.
When considering the purchase of real estate in Kyoto, are you unsure which is better, a detached house or an apartment? So what are the differences, what are the good and bad points, and what are the things we need to be aware of?
When purchasing real estate in Japan, it is possible to purchase ownership of the land. If you find value in the ownership of land, a detached house is good, and if you value convenience more than ownership of land, there are cases where a good location of a condominium is better.
For example, if you want to own a property in Kyoto, you can own a property near Nanzenji Temple, where you can enjoy the ancient city, or near the Philosophical Road, where you can take a break from the busy life and enjoy a little peace and quiet. Those seeking the spirit of Zen can focus on this kind of location, building on the property, renovating it, or changing it into a house with a livable floor plan.
If you want to buy a property that is easy to live in and has good access from Kyoto Station, there are cases where an apartment is better. It would be nice to have a house in such a location in a detached house, but even if you do, your budget may be higher. In that case, it may be better to choose a condo.
If you value a building, for example, if you own a machiya house in Kyoto or live in a Kyo-machiya house, you're looking for a relatively good location plus a machiya house. Of course there is a budget, so the price of the property, which varies from location to location, the size of the building, and a rough estimate of the cost of renovations.
In the case of a condominium, it is better to focus on the newness of the building, the newness of the interior layout and facilities, and whether the condominium is well managed or not. If you own a condominium, it is better to consider including the ownership cost of real estate because there is a monthly payment of management fee and repair reserve fund to the management association of the condominium.
Tomorrow we'll be discussing the cost of ownership over the future.
Arrows International Realty Corp.